Application of Six Sigma DMAIC Methodology to Reduce Medication Errors in a Major Trauma Care Centre in India

Published on:November 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2018; 11(4):182-187
Research Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.11.4.38


Application of Six Sigma DMAIC Methodology to Reduce Medication Errors in a Major Trauma Care Centre in India


Authors and affiliation (s):

Ankitha George1,*, Aida Mary Joseph1, Sreenath Kolencherry1, Vishnu Vettekkaram Kodath1, Kaliyan Menaka2, Britto Duraisingh3, Sheik Haja Sherief4, Thangavel Shivakumar5

1Pharm D Interns, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

3Clinical pharmacist, Ganga Medical Centre Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

4HOD, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

5Principal, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

Abstract:

Introduction: Medication error is a continuing global phenomenon. It is an important public health problem that poses a serious threat to patient safety. This study was carried out to analyze the effect of Six Sigma methodology in reducing medication errors in a tertiary care hospital. Method: A Prospective study on application of Six Sigma DMAIC methodology to reduce medication errors were conducted during a period of February 2017 to July 2017 at Ganga Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Results: Out of 1050 cases, the number of prescribing, transcribing, dispensing, administering and monitoring errors were found to be 62, 19, 6, 47 and 14 in the measure phase which reduced to 12, 10, 2, 7 and 4 in the improve phase. Conclusion: Implementation of DMAIC methodology showed a marked reduction in medication errors, correspondingly the sigma value improved from 3.56, 3.93, 4.33, 3.63 and 4.1 to 4.15, 4.16, 4.66, 4.33 and 4.33. Regular auditing and proper follow up can result in sustaining the improvement in the medication use process.

Key words: Six Sigma, Medication errors, Adverse drug events, Error outcome category.




 

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
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