Background: Atopic dermatitis is the most predominant disease seen mostly in children and the prevalence of disease is 10% to 20%. The pathogenesis of the disease includes immunological, food allergies, pollen grains, breast feeding and secondary infections. Objectives: To identify the cause and to evaluate the appropriate treatment of the patients with atopic dermatitis. Methods: A total of 116 patients are included in the study conducted in skin care and paediatric hospital in the area of Rajahmundry, India. Results: From the study conducted, we observed that the occurrence of the disease is in different age groups and most of the patients are affected by pollen grains (10%) followed by pets and respiratory illness (5.3%), allergies (5%) and pollutants (4.6%) and family history (3.3%) respectively. On evaluation, the treatment topical steroids are found to be more prominently used followed by emollients, antibiotics, antihistamines and immunomodulators. Conclusion: As per the study, we conclude that the occurrence of the disease is mainly due to pollen grains followed by other determined causes as seen in the area of Rajahmundry.
Key words: Atopic dermatitis, Aetiology, Pollen grains, Topical steroids, Emollients.