In December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown origin was reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. The disease is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). When an infected person sneezes or coughs, sending tiny droplets into the air, people can catch coronavirus. People also can get infected if they touch an infected droplet on a surface and then touch their own nose, mouth, or eyes. The transmission rate is relatively high and the virus can lead to pneumonia, respiratory failure, septic shock, and death.
The outbreak of COVID-19 and necessary measures taken to tackle the spread of the virus has caused significant disruption to almost every public activity such as work from office, the provision of education & training, transportation, hospitality and many more. Measures to lower the transmission rate can be washing hands often, keeping common surfaces clean, limiting contact with other people, and wearing cloth face masks.