Predominant Sources of Pharmacists’ Drug Information and Identification of Drug Information Needs from Pharmacists in Community and Hospital Settings

Published on:October 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2020; 14(1):xx-xx
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.14.1.x


Predominant Sources of Pharmacists’ Drug Information and Identification of Drug Information Needs from Pharmacists in Community and Hospital Settings


Authors and affiliation (s):

Chinonyerem Ogadi Iheanacho1,*, Valentine Uche Odili2

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Public Health, University of Calabar, Calabar, NIGERIA.

2Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, University of Benin, Benin City, NIGERIA.

Abstract:

Background: A major way to achieve improved drug therapy is through effective practice of Drug Information Services (DIS) by pharmacists. Aim: The study assessed the drug information needs from community and hospital pharmacists and their predominant sources of Drug information in a Nigerian City. Methods: With the use of selfcompletion questionnaires, cross-sectional survey was conducted among hospital and community pharmacists who were recruited by cluster and convenience sampling methods, respectively. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21 (p≤0.05). Results: A total of 102 pharmacists participated in the study and majority had received training on DIS 60(58.8%). Reference books (4.58 ± 0.59) and internet (4.44 ± 0.62) respectively, were most consulted sources of drug information for community pharmacists. Reference books and internet were also most consulted by hospital pharmacists (4.42 ± 0.54) and (4.42 ± 0.55) respectively. Consultation of drug bulletins was significantly higher in hospital pharmacists than community pharmacists (p=0.006). Most needed drug information were drug cost (4.63 ± 0.52) from community pharmacists and drug dosage (4.61±0.49) from hospital pharmacists. Drug information on pharmacokinetics was significantly required from the hospital pharmacists than the community pharmacists (p=0.002). Conclusion: Most consulted literature sources among the study participants were the reference books and internet. Predominant drug information needs from community and hospital pharmacists were cost of drugs and drug dosage respectively.

Key words: Drug Information Services, Community Pharmacists, Hospital Pharmacists, Practice, Nigeria.




 

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJOPP) [ISSN-0974-8326] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 2008.

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