Effect of Remedial Measures on Incidence and Awareness about Medication Errors in an Indian Tertiary Care Hospital

Published on:April 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2021; 14(2):106-113
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.14.2.20


Effect of Remedial Measures on Incidence and Awareness about Medication Errors in an Indian Tertiary Care Hospital


Authors and affiliation (s):

Vivek Ratnamraju, Priti Dhande*

Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Medical College, Dhankawadi, Pune, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Abstract:

Background: Any medication reaching a patient has tendency to face errors, from point of procurement to its consumption. Often health-care professionals, being human, are inevitably bound to commit errors potentially causing medications to be fatal or ineffective to patients, unless they are made aware about them. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of health-care personnel, identify and evaluate medication errors and also analyse effect of remedial measures on the same. Materials and Methods: Prospective interventional study involving 151 Resident doctors, 112 Nursing staff and 15 Pharmacists. Their knowledge, attitude and practices regarding medication errors was assessed using a pre-tested questionnaire before and after interventions. Medication errors were identified at all patient-care levels with simultaneous remedial measures for reducing them. Data was analysed using Chi-square test. Results: Knowledge about medication errors and practice of reporting them was significantly better among nurses as compared to resident doctors and pharmacists (p<0.001) where unawareness was a significant reason (p<0.001) behind under-reporting. Remedial measures were effective as evident by increased awareness of participants (p<0.001) and reduced number of medication errors in the hospital. Conclusion: Poor awareness went hand in hand with the number of medication errors identified in study population which improved after remedial measures.

Key words: Medication errors, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Intervention, Awareness, Reporting.




 

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJOPP) [ISSN-0974-8326] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 2008.

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