Adherence of Libyan Community Pharmacies to Optimal Drug Storing Conditions during the Condition of Recurrent Electricity Shutdowns

Published on:July 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2021; 14(4):xx-xx
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.14.3.x

Adherence of Libyan Community Pharmacies to Optimal Drug Storing Conditions during the Condition of Recurrent Electricity Shutdowns

Authors and affiliation (s):

Nisrin Omar1, Ahmed Atia2,*

1Department of Pharmacy, Almharat Institute of Health Profession, Tripoli, LIBYA.

2Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, LIBYA.


Background and Objectives: Compliance of community pharmacies with the proper practice of storage and dispensing of medicines is crucial for ensuring the quality and safety of medicines, particularly with the circumstance of recurrent electricity blackout in Libya. This study was aimed to assess the compliance of community pharmacies with the proper practice of drug storage in Tripoli city, Libya. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey conducted in November 2020 targeting a total of 56 community pharmacies in Tripoli, Libya. The questionnaire was adapted from the WHO Checklist for Good Storage Practices and included 41 questions organized under five sections: socio-demographics, pharmacist’s attitude toward the quality of storage practices, queries on environmental storage conditions, the quality of facilities in the community pharmacy, and queries on storage and pharmacy practices. Data were presented as descriptive statistics. Results: Out of the total 56 visited pharmacies, a total of 46 (82.1%) pharmacists participated in the study with one pharmacist being interviewed in every pharmacy. Results showed that 15% of employees reported variety of cleanliness regulatory depending on cutting off running water circumstances in Tripoli and other reasons. About 78.8% participants observed dust in shelves and over the drugs packaging, and 22% of the participant pharmacies’ drugs exposure to direct sunlight. Additionally, 72% of employee experienced high temperatures in the pharmacy during electricity blackouts, whereas only 48% of them experienced humidity. In addition, 91.4% had alternative source of electricity, 44.3% had a power backup connected to the refrigerators. Conclusion: The compliance of majority of the community pharmacies operated in Tripoli is below standard. There is still need to improve the storage practices in the community pharmacies by obeying with the regulatory standards as specified by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Libya.

Key words: Electricity Blackout, Pharmacy, Practice, Storage, Libya.


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