Published on: March 2023 

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2023; 16(2):138-146 

Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.16.2.22 


Athira TM1,*, Soumya MK2, Sharook Shaji1, Anees Nissar1, Haritha TV1, Fathima Rifa Razack1

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Crescent College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Payangadi, Kerala, INDIA.

2Crescent College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Payangadi, Kerala, INDIA.


Aim: The study aims to assess the prescription pattern and quality of life in hypertensive patients in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study of a six- month duration was conducted. All the data were documented and analyzed based on a standard protocol and entered into Microsoft Excel. Quality of life was collected using World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOOQL)-BREF Questionnaire. The statistical analysis was done by IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics Version Results: A total of 174 hypertensive patients consisting of 111 males and 63 females of age group 32-88 years were included in the study. The study showed Hypertension (HTN) was commonly affected in males. It was further clarified that Stage 2 HTN was the most prevalent one. The patients have been prescribed a total of 9 categories of anti-hypertensives in which the most commonly prescribed anti-hypertensives were diuretics (66.06%) and the least prescribed were alpha (α)- blockers (1.74%) and central sympatholytic (1.74%). Quality of Life (QOL) of hypertensive patients was carried out using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaires. The comparison shows that a high mean score is seen in the psychological domain and a low mean score is seen in the social health domain. Conclusion: The study provides an overall layout regarding the prescription pattern and QOL in hypertensive patients. The patients were administered a total of 9 categories of anti- hypertensives. From the study, it was concluded that diuretics were the most prescribed anti- hypertensive drug. The average QOL in hypertensive patients were observed more in the psychological health domain (46.19).

Keywords: Hypertension, Quality of life, Prescription pattern, WHOQOL questionnaires, IBM SPSS software.