Published on:April 2022

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2022; 15(2):65-72

Review Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.15.2.14


Rushda Ahmed, Amara Divya, Garvandha Ramyarani, Ummul Khair, Joyani Das*

Sarojini Naidu Vanita Pharmacy Maha Vidyalaya, Tarnaka, Secunderabad, Telangana, INDIA.


Self-care and self-medication are common practices in any health care system. The self-medication procedure includes the usage of Over-the-counter or non-prescription drugs which are obtained by individuals without a prescription from a physician for the treatment of common ailments. Lower costs, convenience, availability, and the ability to control one’s own illness are the potential benefits of over-the-counter- drugs. The risk of drug misuse, dependence, and adverse drug events is increased when the drugs are used inappropriately. Misuse and Abuse are characterized as over-consumption beyond the approved medical practice or medical norms when the hazards and unfavorable consequences outweigh the advantages. These include self-medicating at higher quantities and for longer periods of time than recommended. Improved knowledge, understanding about self-medication result in rationale use. There is an urgent need to implement legislation to promote judicious and rational use of over-the-counter drugs.

Key words: Addiction, Drug Abuse, Self-medication, Misuse, Non-prescription drugs, Over-the-counter drugs, Regulations.