Published on: July 2023 

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2023; 16(3):217-220.  

Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.16.3.35 

Suha Zulekha1, Sumithra Devadiga1, Zuha Shyma1, Sajan Francis P1,*, Mangala S2, Grinton Josvi Veigas3, Ravikumar4

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Karavali College of Pharmacy, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.

2Department of Pharmacology, Father Muller Medical College Hospital, Kanakandy, Mangalore, INDIA.

3Department of Pharmacology, Karavali College of Pharmacy, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, INDIA.

4Department of Pharmaceutics, Karavali College of Pharmacy, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, INDIA.


Background: This present study aimed to determine the current prescribing pattern for otitis media and otitis externa in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 120 patients clinically diagnosed with active otitis media and otitis externa. The data source was collected from case reports, treatment charts, and suitably designed documentation forms. Results: A total of 296 antibiotics were prescribed, and with respect to class of antibiotics, fluoroquinolones (37.8%) were the most commonly prescribed, followed by aminoglycosides (25.33%). 164 empirical antibiotics were prescribed to 97 patients. There were 132 definitive antibiotics prescribed, with neomycin accounting for 11.82 percent of them. The antibiotics were prescribed as dual therapy in 52 patients (43.33%), followed by triple therapy in 48 patients (40%), and monotherapy in 19 patients (15.83%), whereas one patient was not prescribed any antibiotics. Conclusion: The most commonly prescribed antibiotics in our study were fluoroquinolones. The analysis of prescription patterns is essential to improving the utilisation of drugs and should be carried out frequently. The study result aims at focusing attention on the importance of strategies that have to be carried out to rationalise the use of medications in patients with otitis media and otitis externa.

Keywords: Antibiotic utilization, Antibiotics, Otitis media, Otitis externa, Prescribing pattern.